Temperate Fruits



  • Temperate fruits are a new agro-enterprise in Uganda and are becoming popular among the uptake pathways including farmers, local governments and NGOs. The enterprise is best suited for cool highland areas although some farmers in mid-altitude zones have also shown interest and this has encouraged KAZARDI in partnership with other organizations to initiate preliminary variety adaptation trials. The aim of introducing temperate fruits growing in the zone is to avail a high-value crop for alternative income generation in the zone, besides contributing to improvement of nutrition of the people whose local diets generally lack fruit compliments.

    The main temperate fruit species being evaluated are apples and pears, peaches, plums, figs, nectarine and grapes. Among them however, apples and pears are the most promising. The main activities of this program include but not limited to:

    Accessing and evaluating different potential temperate fruit tree species and varieties for adaption in Uganda.

    Developing technologies, practices and strategies (agronomic, pest and disease protection, post-harvest handling and processing, marketing) for enhancing production of temperate fruits.
     
    Developing a strategy for multiplying and availing quality planting materials to farmers timely and at affordable prices.

    Building capacity of community members for economic production of temperate fruit in the zone and other suitable areas in the country.

    Achievements and progress so far include:
    Two apple varieties; ?Anna? and ?Golden Dorset? have been officially released.

    Two pear varieties ?Taiwan Hybrid? and ?Japanese Yellow? that are high yielding, adapting to local conditions and with good culinary qualities have been identified but are still undergoing field testing.

    More promising candidate apple varieties for both highland and mid-altitude zones are being evaluated and so far ?Winter Banana?, ?Rome beauty?, ?James Grieves?, Shilomit,  Fuji have been identified but still under field testing.

     Candidate fungicides for controlling white powdery mildew and apple scab have been identified and undergoing field testing.

    Indicative fertilizer recommendations for optimum apple tree establishment have been developed and are being tested at farm level.

    Identification and testing of ?ground layering? and ?stooling? techniques with potential for production of rootstocks, hence mitigating the high cost of importing seed for rootstock production.

     Posters and apple production booklet published for extension and farmers use

    Feasibility of apple production enterprise in the zone ascertained and socioeconomic factors affecting the enterprise documented.